Complex disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of headache, most often unilateral and in some cases associated with visual or sensory symptoms that arise most often before the head pain but that may occur during or afterward.

  • Classic migraines start with a warning sign called an aura.
  • Common migraines do not start with an aura.
  • Silent migraines may cause feel other migraine symptoms, but not pain.
  • Hemiplegic migraines cause one side of your body to become weak.
  • Retinal migraines, known as ocular migraines, cause diminished vision or even blindness in one eye that are not related to aura.

Signs / Symptoms

What's common signs of migraine?

  • Headache can last between 4 and 72 hours that is characterized by pulsing or throbbing pain on one or both sides of the head
  • Sensitivity to light, sound, smell, and touch
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sweating
  • Poor concentration,
  • Feeling very hot or very cold
  • Tummy (abdominal) pain
  • Diarrhea

Common causes

What's common causes of migraine?

The exact cause of migraines is unknown. There are some migraine triggers:

  • Hormonal changes in women.
  • Drinks.
  • Stress
  • Sensory stimuli.
  • Sleep changes.
  • Physical factors
  • Weather changes
  • Medications
  • Foods
  • Food additives such as aspartame, monosodium glutamate.

Departments & Emergency

It is recommended to make an appointment with a General Practitioner, or Neurology or Neurosurgery specialist.


It is based on medical history, symptoms, and a physical and neurological examination. Imaging can be useful to rule out other conditions.


There is no absolute cure for migraine. It can be possible to control attack:

  • Medications
  • Behavioral changes


What gets rid of migraines fast?

  • Try a cold pack
  • Ease pressure on your scalp or head

Are headaches hereditary?

Four out of five (80 percent) of migraine patients in U.S. report a family history of migraine, but scientists are not sure if this is genetic or a family predisposition. 


Resources: Mayo Clinic, Medscape, NIH, NHS,, National Headache Foundation

  • Savage, N. (2020, October 14). A visual guide to migraine headaches. Retrieved November 19, 2020, from Nature 586, S2-S3 (2020)

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