Asthma is a chronic disease involving the airways that were inflamed in the lungs. This can make breathing difficult and trigger coughing, a whistling sound (wheezing) when you breathe out and shortness of breath.

Signs / Symptoms

What's common signs of asthma?

  • Wheezing
  • Coughing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness/pain

Symptoms can happen each day, each week, or less often. Symptoms can range from mild to severe. Although it is rare, an episode of asthma can sometimes even lead to death.

Common causes

What's common causes of asthma?

The exact cause of asthma is unknown. There is some hypothesis based on:

  • Airway inflammation
  • Intermittent airflow obstruction
  • Bronchial hyperresponsiveness

Departments & Emergency

If a person has symptoms such as shortness of breath or chest tightness it is recommended to go to an Emergency.

If a person has other symptoms it is recommended to go to a General Practitioner or an Allergy and Immunology or Pulmonary Medicine specialist in near days.


It is based on taking a thorough medical history and performing breathing tests.


  • Medications (inhalers, liquids, or pills)
  • Lifestyle remedies:
    • Stay away from pollen, dust mites, mold spores, pet dander or particles of cockroach waste, air pollutants and irritants, cold air
    • Be careful about respiratory infections
    • Be caution when making physical activity, taking some medications
    •  to be not get stressed
  • Get vaccinated for influenza and pneumonia


How long does it last?

Asthma is a long-term condition for many people.

Can you be cured of asthma?

Currently no cure for asthma, but treatment can help control the symptoms, so it is possible to live a normal, active life.

How to prevent asthma symptoms?

You can stay away from things that cause your symptoms or make them worse. Some common asthma “triggers” are: 

  • Cigarette smoke
  • Stress
  • Getting sick with a cold, the flu, or a lung, ear, or sinus infection
  • Strong cleaning products, such as bleach
  • Strong perfumes or scents
  • Air pollution
  • Certain medicines, such as aspirin and other medicines for pain or fever
  • Exercise
  • Very cold and dry air
  • Dust
  • Mold
  • Dogs and cats
  • Pollen

People can have other triggers, too. Knowing your asthma triggers makes you avoid them so that your symptoms don’t get worse.

Is there a test for asthma?

Yes. Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and have you do a breathing test to see how your lungs are working. If your doctor thinks allergies might be making your asthma worse, they might suggest allergy testing. This can include skin tests or blood tests.

Is asthma a risk factor for acquiring COVID-19? 

Asthma does not appear to be a strong risk factor for acquiring coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2) or to increase the risk of more severe disease or death for the majority of patients, based upon reassuring data from observational studies.


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