Air is an essential component of Earth and contains a mixture of elements that help sustain human life. Air contains, among other elements, oxygen, an element isolated from air. We can survive for days without food and a few days without water, but without air we cannot survive for more than a few minutes. Since the oxygen we breathe is necessary for the normal functioning of all cells in our body, it can be expressed as the basic element of life. Therefore, air quality is an indisputable issue that needs to be examined.
Poor air quality is one of the most important factors leading to health problems. We know that breathing polluted air has a negative effect on our organs. Clean air, on the other hand, has the same cleansing effect on our lungs. That’s why the most important thing in life is air. The air we breathe not only helps us survive, but also determines the quality of life we live.
The quality of the air we breathe greatly affects our lives. For example, an atmosphere containing less than 16% oxygen can be life-threatening. In people living in areas where air pollution is intense and continuous; The risk of developing various chronic diseases, from cough to bronchitis, from heart diseases to cancer, also increases.
Air pollution is not only caused by external factors. The air inside the homes we live in, the offices we work in, and other buildings can be more polluted than the air outside. Some of the substances that will create this polluted air are generally; radon, smoke, and lead dust.
There are many external factors that cause air pollution. In addition to vehicle exhaust, smoke, road dust, and industrial emissions, many different gases and particles from man-made sources are known to have a large impact on air pollution.
Solid, liquid, or gaseous foreign substances in the air create a polluting effect in the air and significantly affect human health. Both short-term and long-term exposure to air pollutants can cause a variety of health problems. At the same time, children, the elderly, and people in low-income neighborhoods experience disproportionate health effects from air pollution.
- Mainly effect on the respiratory system and circulatory system
- Decreased lung function
- Effect in the elderly, patients with chronic lung disease, and heart disease
- The effect of change in heart rate
- Increase in airway obstruction, narrowing of air sacs
- Mediating the spread of diseases
- Restricting the field of vision in daily life ( makes it dangerous to drive.)
- Effect on contaminating clothes in daily life and causing corrosion of metals
- For people with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, air pollution can make it difficult to breathe, trigger asthma attacks, or cause wheezing and coughing.
Various gases in the polluted air inhaled harm to human health. One of these substances, carbon monoxide; By reducing the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood, it causes dysfunction in the walls of blood vessels and in sensitive tissues such as the brain and heart. This can lead to permanent changes in the lung.
Among the health problems caused by air pollution; It has serious effects on the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, leading to decreased lung function and premature death. For people with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, it can trigger asthma attacks. Air pollution also increases the risk of heart disease, stroke and lung cancer and more seriously affects people who are already sick.
Check the air quality in your environment
Check the air quality index with various devices and applications. Search for the relevant information lines for these. Be sure of the air quality of your environment.
Protect yourself while driving
Be careful not to breathe exhaust fumes while in traffic. When in traffic, close your windows and set your ventilation system to recirculate the air.
Avoid exposure to polluting foreign materials
Carbon monoxide from a faulty furnace and volatile organic compounds in a painted room also pollute indoor air. If possible, stay away from wood smoke, vehicle exhaust, tobacco smoke, and other sources of airborne particles.